|Enhanced version of original printed entry||Encoded version: searched-for items red; some Appendix and Addenda included; unique identifier BLFR866AJ|
|Balfour, Arthur James.|
Adm. pens. at TRINITY, Jan. 30, 1866.
S. and h. of James Maitland (1838), of Whittingehame, Haddington.
B. there July 25, 1848.
Matric. Michs. 1866; B.A. 1870; M.A. 1874; Hon. LL.D. 1888.
Chancellor of the University, 1919-30.
Hon. D.C.L. (Oxford) 1891.
Private Secretary to his uncle, Lord Salisbury, 1878-80; accompanied him to the Berlin Congress, 1878.
M.P. for Hertford, 1874-80 and 1880-5; for East Manchester, 1885-1906; for the City of London, 1906-22.
President of the Local Government Board, 1885-6. P.C., 1885; P.C. (Ireland) 1887.
Secretary for Scotland, 1886-7. Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1887-91; created the Congested Districts Board for Ireland, 1890; carried the Land Purchase Act, 1891.
First Lord of the Treasury and Leader of the House of Commons, 1891-2. Leader of the Opposition, 1892-5; strenuously opposed Gladstone's Home Rule Bill.
In the following Coalition Government again, First Lord of the Treasury and Leader of the Opposition, 1895-1902; launched and directed the Education Bill; mainly responsible for the London Local Government Bill.
After the South African War interested himself in military reconstruction; advocated the formation of a Committee of Imperial Defence.
Prime Minister, 1902-5. Lord Privy Seal, 1902-3. Favoured the Far Eastern Alliance with Japan.
Again Leader of the Opposition, 1906-11; opposed to the 'die-hard-attitude' of his party in the constitutional crisis arising from the creation of peers to carry the Parliament Bill; resigned leadership, 1911.
Resumed office on the outbreak of the Great War. First Lord of the Admiralty, 1915-16.
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1916-19.
Issued the Balfour Declaration Note in favour of a National Home for the Jews in Palestine, 1917.
Head of the British Mission to America, 1917; 'a most successful interpreter of British policy to the American Nation.' Second British Representative at the Peace Conference at Paris, 1919.
Lord President of the Council, 1919-22 and 1925-9. President of the first meeting of the League of Nations, 1920.
British delegate at the Washington conference on limitation of armaments, 1921.
Created Earl of Balfour and Viscount Traprain of Whittingehame, May 5, 1922.
Hon. LL.D. (Edin.) 1881; of St Andrew's, 1885; of Glasgow and Dublin, 1891; of Columbia, 1917.
D.Ph. (Cracow) 1923.
LL.D. (Athens) 1924.
Lord Rector of St Andrew's University, 1896; of Glasgow, 1890; Gifford Lecturer, 1896.
Romanes Lecturer at Oxford.
Chancellor of Edinburgh University, 1891.
President of the British Academy, 1924-9. Chairman of the Medical Research Council, 1924-9; of the Imperial Conference, 1926.
One of the most popular of Intellectuals; intimately associated with the 'Souls'; gifted with extraordinary personal charm.
Distinguished as Statesman and Philosopher; mainly concerned 'to formulate' the rational grounds of faith in such a way, 'as to bring metaphysics back into the scales of common thought.' A many-sided nature, interested in science, music, sport and society. [For an intimate study of his life and character see Arthur James Balfour, by Blanche E. C. Dugdale.] Author, philosophical, etc.
Died unmarried Mar. 19, 1930.
Brother of Francis M. (1870), etc. (Burke, P. and B.; The Times, Mar. 20, 1930; D.N.B., Twentieth Century.)
|Arthur James BALFOUR |
Approx. lifespan: 18481930
Tripos: Trin. Mor.Sci. 1869Balfour, Earl of pens. Trinity College adm1866:01:30
s. and h. of James Maitland BALFOUR (1838) of Whittingehame, Haddington, [East Lothian],
b. Whittingehame, Haddington, [East Lothian], 1848:07:25
Chancellor of: : Cambridge University 1919-30
Hon. < > DCL , Oxford 1891
Private Sec. to: : his uncle Lord SALISBURY 1878-80
accompanied him to: Berlin Congress Berlin, [Germany], 1878
M.P. for: : Hertford, [Hertfordshire], 1874-80 and 1880-85
M.P. for: : East Manchester, [Lancashire], 1885-1906
M.P. for: : City of London, [London], 1906-22
President of: : Local Government Board 1885-86
P.C. (Ireland) 1887
Sec. for: : Scotland , 1886-87
Chief Sec. for: : Ireland , 1887-91
created: Congested Districts Board for Ireland , 1890
carried the: Land Purchase Act 1891
First Lord of the Treasury and Leader of House of Commons: 1891-92
Leader of the Opposition: 1892-95
strenuously opposed Gladstone's: Home Rule Bill
William Ewart GLADSTONE
First Lord of the Treasury and Leader of the Opposition in the following Coalition Government again: 1895-1902
launched and directed the: Education Bill
mainly responsible for the: London Local Government Bill
interested himself in military reconstruction after: South African War [South Africa],
advocated the formation of: Committee of Imperial Defence
Prime Minister: 1902-05
Lord Privy Seal: 1902-03
Favoured the Far Eastern Alliance with: Japan ,
Again Leader of the Opposition: 1906-11
opposed to the 'die-hard-attitude' of his party in the constitutional crisis arising from the creation of peers to carry the Parliament Bill:
resigned leadership: 1911
Resumed office on the outbreak of the Great War: [1914-18]
First Lord of the Admiralty: 1915-16
Sec. of State for Foreign Affairs: 1916-19
Issued the Balfour Declaration Note in favour of: National Home for Jews in Palestine Palestine , 1917
Head of: : British Mission to USA , 1917
'a most successful interpreter of British policy to the American Nation':
Second British Representative at: Peace Conference Paris, [France], 1919
Lord President of Council: 1919-22 and 1925-29
President of: : first meeting of the League of Nations 1920
British delegate at: Washington conference on limitation of armaments Washington, DC, [-cu]^ USA [-cu] 1921
Created Earl of Balfour and Viscount Traprain of Whittingehame 1922:05:05
Hon.LLD Edin. 1881
Hon.LLD St Andrew's 1885
Hon.LLD Glasgow and Dublin 1891
Hon.LLD Columbia 1917
D.Ph. Cracow 1923
LLD Athens 1924
Lord Rector of: Sch: St Andrew's University 1896
Lord Rector of: Sch: Glasgow University 1890
Gifford Lecturer: 1896
Romanes Lecturer at: : Oxford University
Chancellor of: : Sch: Edinburgh University 1891
President of: : British Academy 1924-29
Chairman of: : Medical Research Council 1924-29
Chairman of: : Imperial Conference 1926
One of the most popular of Intellectuals
intimately associated with the 'Souls'
gifted with extraordinary personal charm
Distinguished as Statesman and Philosopher:
mainly concerned 'to formulate' the rational grounds of faith in such a way, 'as to bring metaphysics back into the scales of common thought'
A many-sided nature, interested in science, music, sport and society
For an intimate study of his life and character see Arthur James BALFOUR , by Blanche E. C. Dugdale
Publ.: philosophical, etc.
d. unmarried 1930:03:19
brother of Francis Maitland BALFOUR (1870) etc.
(Burke, P. and B.; The Times 1930:03:20; D.N.B., Twentieth Century )
[add:] Photographs: < > CUA , : Phot. 104, 105 and CAS: E5 [:add]
[add:] Included in caricature by Tenniell in Fitzwilliam Museum [:add]
[add:] Sir John TENNIELL [:add]
[add:](Goodison: CP : 212)[:add]